Melang

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A script language of preemptive scheduling coroutine in single thread

View the Project on GitHub Water-Melon/Melang

statement

Statement is one of basic syntax in Melang.

e.g.

a = 1;
b = 2;

@foo() {
  return 1;
}

In this example, first line is a statement, and second one is a statement too. And in Melang, function definition is also a kind of statement. And of course, return 1; in function foo is a statement either.

Every statement must be separated by ; (semicolon) . Any statement must be ended by ; . There are two exceptions — the definitions of function and set.

a = 1, c = 3;
b = 2;
@c() {
  return 1;
}
@d {
  p = 1;
  @q () {
    return 2;
  }
}

So we almost say that program is composed of statements.

But as we can see the first line of above example, a = 1, c = 3; seems not a simple stuff, it is composed of a = 1, c = 3 and ;.

So what constitutes a statement?

expression

Expression is the basic unit of statement.

Usually, one statement only has one expression. But if one statement has many expressions, every expression must be separated by , (comma).

a = 1

a = 1, b = 2

So we can see, statement is composed of expressions and a semicolon, and each expression separated by a comma.

And we have to know that flow control (we will talk about that on subsequent pages) is also a kind of statement.